Nature Trail around Liptovská Teplička
Nature Trail around Liptovská Teplička
The nature trail around Liptovská Teplička will take you for 6-kilometre-long walk with nine stops. Each stop is dedicated to a different remarkable topic – the Low Tatras National Park, the wetlands, the forests, the Považie Forest Railway, fauna, flora and, of course, the traditional life of the village. The trail starts near the building of an old firehouse in the centre of the village. The trail does not contain any serious climbs and the altitude difference between the highest and the lowest point of the trail is only a little over 60 metres. The trail crosses the Čierny Váh River twice. It takes only three hours at comfortable pace to walk the trail, stops included. This nature trail was created by the village of Liptovská Teplička with the donations from the European Village Renewal Programme. The entire route of the nature trail is created so as not to appear distracting in the surrounding nature, and follows the original trails and paths. One part of the trail extends into the protection zone of the Low Tatras National Park (NAPANT).
The first information boardislocated in the centre of the village. The board makes the readers familiar with the route of the nature trail and provides interesting information about the history of Liptovská Teplička. Walking to the next board, you will pass well-preserved architecture of timbered houses, the Stodolište complex and the unique potato cellars.
The second information panel is built to offer a beautiful view of the village and its surroundings, namely the area around Kráľova Hoľa in the Low Tatras. The board contains facts about the protected area of the Low Tatras. One can also admire terraced fields on the outskirts of the village, which attest to tremendous tenacity and hard work of our ancestors. The fields allow convenient work on the farmland also on very steep slopes and, moreover, protect shallow soil from erosion.
The third information boardis dedicated to the topic of water wealth of the area. Liptovská Teplička surroundings are rich in drinking water sources. The rivers Hron, Hnilec, Hornád and Čierny Váh have their springs on the slopes of Kráľova Hoľa. Drinking water from the area is supplied to tens of thousands of people living in the Prešov Region. To bring theory to life, a small well with fresh and cold water near the information board offers refreshment to the visitors.
Visitors will discover the fourth information board in almost unspoilt nature, near the old path to the former hunting lodge below Hudáčová. This trail was used by the ancestors of present day Liptovská Teplička residents to go to work in the forests. An old wooden footbridge over the Čierny Váh River has been replaced by a new one, but one may walk along the original forest trail, which is still used to transport timber. Since the area of Liptovská Teplička is home to a number of protected plants, this information board is devoted to wetlands.
Given the natural conditions of Central Europe, all biotopes whose existence is conditioned by the presence of water, are considered wetlands. Wetlands are the areas with marsh, fen, peatbog and natural or manmade, permanent or temporary and standing or running waters. The importance of wetlands is closely linked to their roles in the ecosystem:
They maintain diversity of living organisms;
Acting as natural water treatment systems they assist with disposal of chemical and organic wasters;
They retain water in the region;
They serve as a control mechanism protecting from floods and erosion;
They serve as a source of drinking and process water
Visitors have a chance to discover a number of plants, many of which are rare and critically endangered. Let us mention at least Siberian Ligularia (Ligulariasibirica), a plant with bright yellow flowers, which grows to the heights of about one meter.
Walking the paved forest trail towards Rovienky, an original part of the former forest railway, you will find the fifth information board. The board will provide you with a lot of interesting information about the surrounding forests.
The sixth information board contains facts about the forest railway, which was operated until 1972. Following the route of the former railway, you will get to a bridge crossing the Čierny Váh River. This bridge is a necessity to allow crossing of tractors and horse-drawn carriages for logging purposes. Hiking trails of Ždiar Valley zigzag both sides of the river.
The seventh information board is dedicated to protected plants. Let us mention for example Turkish Marsh Gladiolus or Bird's-Eye Primrose that grows there in large numbers and is typical for its small purple flower. Moonwort and Star Gentian are also worth mentioning. It is quite remarkable that the area around Liptovská Teplička is home to a large number of orchids.
The eight information board draws attention to various animal species. The board shows all species one may see in the area.
The ninth and last information board presents the life in Liptovská Teplička. The main source of income used to be sheep and cattle breeding; in summer sheep and cows can be still seen around the village. For people living in Liptovská Teplička work on their terraced fields; forestry also represents a major source of income of this region.
LIPTOVSKÁ TEPLIČKA ON A MAP
Liptovská Teplička is a typical mountain village situated at the northern foot of the Low Tatras. The village is surrounded by beautiful scenery of the Čierny Váh (Black Váh) valley and typical for its folk traditions that can be found only blow the hill of Kráľova Hoľa (King's Bald Mountain).
Ul. Štefana Garaja 398/16
059 40 Liptovská Teplička
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